- Ellesmere manuscript
- The Ellesmere manuscript (Huntington Library MS. Ellesmere 26.C.9) is the most famous literary manuscript from the English Middle Ages. It is one of the two earliest manuscripts of Geoffrey CHAUCER’s CANTERBURY TALES (the other being the HENGWRTMANUSCRIPT), and is probably composed by the same scribe that produced that text. The Ellesmere was produced within the first decade after Chaucer’s death in 1400, probably within a few years of the Hengwrt. Unlike the Hengwrt, however, the Ellesmere is a beautifully produced and finished manuscript, essentially giving the impression that The Canterbury Tales is a finished work when it is not. Prior to the early 20th century, editors tended to use the Ellesmere as the base text of editions of Chaucer, until modern editors established the earlier authority of the Hengwrt. Still in many ways the Ellesmere is superior to the Hengwrt: It is a complete version of the Tales (the Hengwrt lacks The CANON’S YEOMAN’S TALE as well as the prologue to The MERCHANT’S TALE and the ending of The PARSON’S TALE). Furthermore, the Ellesmere places the tales into a logical and coherent order that has become standard in editions of Chaucer.What has truly made the Ellesmere so famous is its beautiful illuminations. Clearly the text was produced for a wealthy patron. The 464 pages of the manuscript are decorated with illuminated initials, floriated borders, and most famously 23 miniature portraits of the Canterbury pilgrims, including one of Chaucer himself. Each individual tale is illustrated with a portrait of its teller placed in the border at the beginning of the story. The manuscript became part of the Bridgewater House Library, a collection founded by Queen Elizabeth’s Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, Sir Thomas Egerton, who later became Baron Ellesmere. The collection was in the possession of the earls of Ellesmere until Henry Huntington bought the entire library in 1917. Huntington brought the manuscript back to San Marino, California, where it is the centerpiece of the Huntington Library collection in that city.Bibliography■ Hanna, Ralph, III. Introduction to The Ellesmere Manuscript of Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales: A Working Facsimile.Woodbridge, U.K.: Brewer, 1989.■ Stevens, Martin, and Daniel Woodward, eds. The Ellesmere Chaucer: Essays in Interpretation. San Marino, Calif.: Huntington Library, 1995.■ Woodward, Daniel, and Martin Stevens, eds. The New Ellesmere Chaucer Monochromatic Facsimile. San Marino, Calif.: Huntington Library/Yushodo, 1997.
Encyclopedia of medieval literature. 2013.
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Ellesmere manuscript — The Ellesmere manuscript is an early 15th century manuscript of Geoffrey Chaucer s Canterbury Tales, held in the Huntington Library, in San Marino, California (MS EL 26 C 9). It is considered one of the most significant texts of the Tales… … Wikipedia
Ellesmere — can mean: * Ellesmere, Shropshire, a market town in Shropshire, England ** Ellesmere Castle ** Ellesmere Rural, a civil parish to the west * Ellesmere Park, area of Eccles, Greater Manchester, England * Ellesmere Port, an industrial town in… … Wikipedia
Ellesmere-Manuskript — Das Ellesmere Manuskript, auch Ellesmere Chaucer, ist ein Manuskript der Canterbury Tales von Geoffrey Chaucer. Es stammt vom Beginn des 15. Jahrhunderts und befindet sich in der Huntington Library in San Marino (Kalifornien) (MS EL 26 C 9). Es… … Deutsch Wikipedia
manuscript — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) n. script, handwriting, [author s] original. See writing. II (Roget s IV) n. Syn. composition, papyrus, parchment, vellum, tablet, stone, paper, document, original, copy, typescript, scroll, letterpress … English dictionary for students
Hengwrt manuscript — The Hengwrt manuscript (National Library of Wales Ms. Peniarth 392 D) is the earliest surviving manuscript of Geoffrey CHAUCER’s CANTERBURY TALES, and is therefore of prime significance in helping scholars establish Chaucer’s intent for his… … Encyclopedia of medieval literature
The Canterbury Tales — is a collection of stories written by Geoffrey Chaucer in the 14th century (two of them in prose, the rest in verse). The tales, some of which are originals and others not, are contained inside a frame tale and told by a collection of pilgrims on … Wikipedia
Hengwrt Chaucer — The Hengwrt Chaucer manuscript is an early 15th century manuscript of the Canterbury Tales, held in the National Library of Wales, in Aberystwyth, where it is known as MS Peniarth 392D. History of the manuscriptThis was one of the collection of… … Wikipedia
Geoffrey Chaucer — Chaucer redirects here. For other uses, see Chaucer (disambiguation). Geoffrey Chaucer … Wikipedia
The Huntington Library — The Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens (or The Huntington [The common appellation of The Huntington may also refer to the Huntington Hospital.] ) is an educational and research institution established by Henry E. Huntington … Wikipedia
The Knight's Tale — Knight s Tale redirects here. For the 2001 film, see A Knight s Tale. The first page of Knight s Tale in the Ellesmere manuscript The Knight s Tale (Middle English: The Knightes Tale) is the first tale from Geoffrey Chaucer s The Canterbury Tales … Wikipedia